Canine memory T-cell subsets in health and disease
A more complete understanding of canine T-lymphocyte immunity is necessary for improving diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to canine diseases, developing cell-based canine immunotherapeutics, and evaluating dogs as large mammal models for comparative immunology research. The aim of this study was to utilize CD45RA (indicating antigen inexperience) and CD62L (indicating lymph node homing capability), to quantify canine memory T-cell subsets in healthy dogs and dogs with various diseases. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were prospectively collected from dogs belonging to one of four groups:dermatologic inflammation (n = 9), solid tumors (n = 9), lymphoma (n = 9), and age-/weight-matched healthy control dogs (n = 15). Dogs receiving prednisone or any other immunomodulating medication within two weeks were excluded. Flow cytometry was performed and T-cell subsets were defined as CD4+ or CD8+, and naïve (TN), central memory (CM), effector memory (EM), or terminal effector memory re-expressing CD45RA (TEMRA). T-cell subset proportions were compared between each disease group and their healthy age-/weight-matched controls using a Mann-Whitney test. Significantly increased %CD8+ TN (P = 0.036) and decreased %CD8+ TEMRA (P = 0.045) were detected in dogs with dermatologic inflammation compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, %CD4+ TN positively correlated with Canine Atopic Dermatitis Extent and Severity Index (CADESI) score within the inflammation group (ρ = 0.817, P = 0.011). No significant differences between either cancer group and their healthy controls were detected. Taken together, these data indicate that dermatologic inflammation can alter proportions of peripheral blood T-cell subsets, possibly due to the migration of antigen-specific T-cells into tissues. Furthermore, these findings support the utility of CD45RA and CD62L in characterizing clinical canine immune responses.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology
Bauman, A. B., Moeller, C. E., Soileau, A. M., Goodermuth, C. E., Costa, V. R., Schaumburg, J. C., Pucheu-Haston, C. M., Welborn, N. D., Dehghanpir, S. D., Mitchell, M. A., & Withers, S. S. (2022). Canine memory T-cell subsets in health and disease. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology, 246, 110401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2022.110401