Prevalence of and risk factors for equine glandular and squamous gastric disease in polo horses

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The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence rates and risk factors for equine glandular gastric disease (EGGD) and equine squamous gastric disease (ESGD) in a population of 63 polo horses in competition. The prevalence of EGGD grade ≥ 1 was 69% and EGGD ≥ 2 was 31%. The prevalence of ESGD grade ≥ 1 was 54% and grade ≥ 2 was 37%. The risk factors retained in the final multivariable models were years of experience in polo competition for EGGD grade ≥ 1 and for grade ≥ 2, with decreased experience being associated with EGGD and weekly exercise duration and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use being associated with ESGD grade ≥ 1. Decreasing weekly exercise duration was the only risk factor associated with ESGD grade ≥ 2. Equine gastric disease was common in this population of polo horses and the amount of experience and weekly exercise duration were related to the risk of disease.

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The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne

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