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Bosque Fray Jorge National Park (hereafter "Fray Jorge") comprises 9,959 ha on the coast of Chile’s Region IV (Coquimbo), approximately 400 km north of Santiago and 100 km south of La Serena (30°41’S, 71°40’W) (Fig. 1). It is a Biosphere Reserve and has been protected from grazing and disturbance since 1941 (Squeo et al. 2004). As such, it is a biotic oasis surrounded by agricultural and increasingly disturbed terrain (Bahre 1979). The climate is Mediterranean, with ca. 130 mm of annual precipitation measured since 1989 at an on-site meteorological station, 90% falling in winter (May-Sept). Summers are warm and dry, although fog and coastal clouds are common. Vegetation is characterized as coastal matorral steppe (Gajardo 1994), generally spiny and drought-deciduous or evergreen, with heavy shrub cover (ca. 50-60%; Meserve et al. 2009) and understory herbs on a primarily sandy substrate (Gutiérrez et al. 2010).
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Pyle, Peter; Engilis, Andrew; and Kelt, Douglas A., "Manual for Ageing and Sexing Birds of Bosque Fray Jorge National Park and Northcentral Chile, with Notes on Range and Breeding Seasonality" (2015). Special Publications of the Museum of Natural Science. 1.