Evidence for pre-existing dust in the bright type IIn SN2010jl
SN2010jl was an extremely bright, Type IIn supernova (SN) which showed a significant infrared (IR) excess no later than 90days after explosion. We have obtained Spitzer 3.6 and 4.5 μm and JHK observations of SN2010jl 90days post-explosion. Little to no reddening in the host galaxy indicated that the circumstellar material lost from the progenitor must lie in a torus inclined out of the plane of the sky. The likely cause of the high mid-IR flux is the reprocessing of the initial flash of the SN by pre-existing circumstellar dust. Using a three-dimensional Monte Carlo radiative-transfer code, we have estimated that between 0.03 and 0.35 M of dust exists in a circumstellar torus around the SN located 6 × 1017cm away from the SN and inclined between 60° and 80° to the plane of the sky. On day 90, we are only seeing the illumination of approximately 5% of this torus, and expect to see an elevated IR flux from this material up until day 450. It is likely this dust was created in a luminous blue variable (LBV) like mass-loss event of more than 3 M, which is large but consistent with other LBV progenitors such as η Carinae. © 2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved..
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Andrews, J., Clayton, G., Wesson, R., Sugerman, B., Barlow, M., Clem, J., Ercolano, B., Fabbri, J., Gallagher, J., Landolt, A., Meixner, M., Otsuka, M., Riebel, D., & Welch, D. (2011). Evidence for pre-existing dust in the bright type IIn SN2010jl. Astronomical Journal, 142 (2) https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/142/2/45