Experimental test of Baryon conservation: A new limit on neutron-antineutron oscillations in oxygen
This paper reports the result of a search for baryon-number-nonconserving neutron-antineutron transitions in oxygen using a 300-ton water Cherenkov detector located in the Homestake gold mine at a depth of 4200 meters of water equivalent. The 90%-confidence-level upper limit for the neutron partial lifetime for this process is found to be 1.4×1030 yr. According to a recent calculation of neutron-antineutron oscillations in oxygen, this result corresponds to a lower limit on the free-neutron oscillation time of 2×107 sec. © 1983 The American Physical Society.