The search for cosmic strangelets with the supersonic concorde and with JACEE's circumpolar balloon flight in Antarctica
The search for cosmic strangelet nuclei was carried out by two experiments with emulsion chambers. A balloon-borne JACEE emulsion chamber was flown at 3.5 g/cm2 for 200 h in Antarctica (JACEE-10 experiment) and the Concorde flights were made by ECHOS at an atmospheric depth of 110 g/cm2 between Paris and New York. No nuclei with Z ≥ 30 survived after traversing 60-120 g/cm2 of the detector materials in the JACEE instruments. No evidence for a long mean free path were found in the zenith angle distribution for Z/β ≥ 26 nuclei. The exposure factor used by the JACEE was 72 m2 h sr. The intensity upperbounds, I ≤ (2.2-9.7) × 10-2/m2 h sr, were obtained for strangelets having an atmospheric attenuation length of 220-50 g/cm2, which corresponds to the case for mass number A = 100-10000 and Z/β ≥ 13. Concorde experiments (ECHOS) used both a thin and a thick emulsion chamber. The total exposure was 209 m2 h sr and no candidates with charge Z ≥ 30 were found. The largest track had Z/β = 28.6 ± 1.29 with β ∼ 1. Nuclei observed with charge 13 ≤ Z ≤ 30 were consistent with the survival intensity of ordinary nuclei. The flux bounds from the ECHOS experiments were I ≤ (2.1-5.0) × 10-2/m2 h for strangelets with mass number 100≤A≤1000. © J.C. Baltzer AG, Science Publishers.