X-ray observations of Galactic black holes (GBHs) such as Cygnus X-1 have greatly advanced the understanding of these objects. However, the vast majority of the observations have been restricted to energies below ∼ 200 keV. The Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) allowed for the first time simultaneous observations at energies from ∼ 25 keV up to > 1 GeV. In particular, the BATSE experiment aboard CGRO was able to monitor low-energy gamma-ray emission from Cygnus X-1, as well as other GBHs, nearly continuously over a nine year period. Using the Enhanced BATSE Occultation Package (EBOP), light curves and spectra in the energy range 25 - 2000 keV have been obtained for six GBHs. Based on the spectra when the GBHs were in a high gamma-ray flux state, it is suggested that at least two different classes of GBHs exist. The first is characterized by a Comptonization spectrum below ∼ 200 keV followed by a soft power law excess as exhibited by Cygnus X-1, GRO J0422+32, GRO J 1719-24, and GX 339-4. The second class is characterized by simple power law spectrum, in the full 25 - 2000 keV range, with no evidence for a Comptonization component, as exhibited by GRO J1655-40 and GRS 1915+105. Gamma-ray observations can serve as an important diagnostic in studying the physical, processes around GBHs. More sensitive observations in the future at energies > 250 keV will help answer questions regarding issues such as the nonthermal electron distribution, state transitions, and the connection to jets. © 2008 American Institute of Physics.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
AIP Conference Proceedings
Case, G., Cherry, M., Ling, J., & Wheaton, W. (2008). Low energy gamma-ray emission from Galactic black holes. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1053, 145-152. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3009473