We show how extra entanglement shared between sender and receiver reduces the memory requirements for a general entanglement-assisted quantum convolutional code. We construct quantum convolutional codes with good error-correcting properties by exploiting the error-correcting properties of an arbitrary basic set of Pauli generators. The main benefit of this particular construction is that there is no need to increase the frame size of the code when extra shared entanglement is available. Then there is no need to increase the memory requirements or circuit complexity of the code because the frame size of the code is directly related to these two code properties. Another benefit, similar to results of previous work in entanglement-assisted convolutional coding, is that we can import an arbitrary classical quaternary code for use as an entanglement-assisted quantum convolutional code. The rate and error-correcting properties of the imported classical code translate to the quantum code. We provide an example that illustrates how to import a classical quaternary code for use as an entanglement-assisted quantum convolutional code. We finally show how to "piggyback" classical information to make use of the extra shared entanglement in the code. © 2009 The American Physical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Wilde, M., & Brun, T. (2009). Extra shared entanglement reduces memory demand in quantum convolutional coding. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 79 (3) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.79.032313