In the low-energy high-energy-efficiency regime of classical optical communications - relevant to deep-space optical channels - there is a big gap between reliable communication rates achievable via conventional optical receivers and the ultimate (Holevo) capacity. Achieving the Holevo capacity requires not only optimal codes but also receivers that make collective measurements on long (modulated) codeword waveforms, and it is impossible to implement these collective measurements via symbol-by-symbol detection along with classical postprocessing , . Here, we apply our recent results on the classical-quantum polar code  - the first near-explicit, linear, symmetric-Holevo-rate achieving code - to the lossy optical channel, and we show that it almost closes the entire gap to the Holevo capacity in the low photon number regime. In contrast, Arikan's original polar codes, applied to the DMC induced by the physical optical channel paired with any conceivable structured optical receiver (including optical homodyne, heterodyne, or direct-detection) fails to achieve the ultimate Holevo limit to channel capacity. However, our polar code construction (which uses the quantum fidelity as a channel parameter rather than the classical Bhattacharyya quantity to choose the "good channels" in the polar-code construction), paired with a quantum successive-cancellation receiver - which involves a sequence of collective non-destructive binary projective measurements on the joint quantum state of the received codeword waveform - can attain the Holevo limit, and can hence in principle achieve higher rates than Arikan's polar code and decoder directly applied to the optical channel. However, even a theoretical recipe for construction of an optical realization of the quantum successive-cancellation receiver remains an open question. © 2012 IEEE.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings
Guha, S., & Wilde, M. (2012). Polar coding to achieve the Holevo capacity of a pure-loss optical channel. IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings, 546-550. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIT.2012.6284250