When classical or quantum information is broadcast to separate receivers, there exist codes that encrypt the encoded data, such that the receivers cannot recover it when performing local operations and classical communication, but they can reliably decode if they bring their systems together and perform a collective measurement. This phenomenon is known as quantum data hiding and hitherto has been studied under the assumption that noise does not affect the encoded systems. With the aim of applying the quantum data hiding effect in practical scenarios, here, we define the data-hiding capacity for hiding classical information using a quantum channel. Using this notion, we establish a regularized upper bound on the data hiding capacity of any quantum broadcast channel, and we prove that coherent-state encodings have a strong limitation on their data hiding rates. We, then, prove a lower bound on the data hiding capacity of channels that map the maximally mixed state to the maximally mixed state (we call these channels mictodiactic-they can be seen as a generalization of unital channels when the input and output spaces are not necessarily isomorphic) and argue how to extend this bound to generic channels and to more than two receivers.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Lupo, C., Wilde, M., & Lloyd, S. (2016). Quantum Data Hiding in the Presence of Noise. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 62 (6), 3745-3756. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIT.2016.2552547