Title

London relation and fluxoid quantization for monopole currents in U(1) lattice gauge theory

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1993

Abstract

We explore the mechanism of quark confinement in four-dimensional U(1) lattice gauge theory by measuring the color-magnetic current distribution from Dirac magnetic monopoles in the presence of a static quark-antiquark pair. Our results give the first direct evidence that the quarks induce a solenoidal current distribution that screens the color-electric flux of the quarks in an electric analogue of the Meissner effect in a superconductor. We show that the vacuum state of U(1) lattice gauge theory obeys both a dual version of the London equation and an electric fluxoid quantization condition. © 1993 The American Physical Society.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Physical Review D

First Page

1715

Last Page

1718

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