London relation and fluxoid quantization for monopole currents in U(1) lattice gauge theory
We explore the mechanism of quark confinement in four-dimensional U(1) lattice gauge theory by measuring the color-magnetic current distribution from Dirac magnetic monopoles in the presence of a static quark-antiquark pair. Our results give the first direct evidence that the quarks induce a solenoidal current distribution that screens the color-electric flux of the quarks in an electric analogue of the Meissner effect in a superconductor. We show that the vacuum state of U(1) lattice gauge theory obeys both a dual version of the London equation and an electric fluxoid quantization condition. © 1993 The American Physical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review D
Singh, V., Haymaker, R., & Browne, D. (1993). London relation and fluxoid quantization for monopole currents in U(1) lattice gauge theory. Physical Review D, 47 (4), 1715-1718. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.47.1715