The critical behaviors of polycrystalline Ni2MnGa and Ni2Mn0.85Cu0.15Ga have been examined through high-resolution bulk magnetization measurements. The critical exponents, β and γ, were derived from modified Arrott plots using the Kouvel-Fisher method. The values of the extracted critical exponents satisfied the scaling equation of state and associated exponent relations, indicating self-consistency of the extracted values. In Ni2MnGa, the critical exponents (β = 0.401 ± 0.003, γ = 1.27 ± 0.02) indicate a deviation from the 3D-Heisenberg values toward the mean-field values, likely due to the presence of long-range Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions. However, the critical exponents of Ni2Mn0.85Cu0.15Ga (β = 0.389 ± 0.004, γ = 1.39 ± 0.02) are closer to the 3D-Heisenberg values. This indicates a weakening of the long-range exchange interactions due to the substitution of Cu in the Mn site.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Applied Physics
Us Saleheen, A., Chen, J., Young, D., Dubenko, I., Ali, N., & Stadler, S. (2018). Critical behavior in Ni2MnGa and Ni2Mn0.85Cu0.15Ga. Journal of Applied Physics, 123 (20) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5025196