Above-equilibrium “hot”-carrier generation in metals is a promising route to convert photons into electrical charge for efficient near-infrared optoelectronics. However, metals that offer both hot-carrier generation in the near-infrared and sufficient carrier lifetimes remain elusive. Alloys can offer emergent properties and new design strategies compared to pure metals. Here, it is shown that a noble-transition alloy, AuxPd1−x, outperforms its constituent metals concerning generation and lifetime of hot carriers when excited in the near-infrared. At optical fiber wavelengths (e.g., 1550 nm), Au50Pd50 provides a 20-fold increase in the number of ≈0.8 eV hot holes, compared to Au, and a threefold increase in the carrier lifetime, compared to Pd. The discovery that noble-transition alloys can excel at hot-carrier generation reveals a new material platform for near-infrared optoelectronic devices.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Stofela, S., Kizilkaya, O., Diroll, B., Leite, T., Taheri, M., Willis, D., Baxter, J., Shelton, W., Sprunger, P., & McPeak, K. (2020). A Noble-Transition Alloy Excels at Hot-Carrier Generation in the Near Infrared. Advanced Materials, 32 (23) https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201906478