The galaxies observed within the error boxes of gamma-ray bursts are inconsistent with the host galaxies predicted by the simplest "minimal" cosmological model where bursts emit ∼ 6 1050 ergs but are consistent with a standard candle energy of ∼ 1053 ergs (if radiated isotropically). Although these calculations utilize the host galaxy data but not the burst intensities, we have developed the methodology to use all the available observations to model the redshift and intensity distributions.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series
Band, D., Hartmann, D., & Schaefer, B. (1999). Host galaxy statistics. Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, 138 (3), 481-482. https://doi.org/10.1051/aas:1999319