We present optical spectra of the peculiar Type la supernova (SN Ia) 1999ac. The data extend from -15 to +42 days with respect to B-band maximum and reveal an event that is unusual in several respects. Prior to B-band maximum, the spectra resemble those of SN 1999aa, a slowly declining event, but possess stronger Si II and Ca II signatures (more characteristic of a spectroscopically normal SN). Spectra after the B-band maximum appear more normal. The expansion velocities inferred from the iron lines appear to be lower than average, whereas the expansion velocity inferred from calcium H and K are higher than average. The expansion velocities inferred from Si II are among the slowest ever observed, although SN 1999ac is not particularly dim. The analysis of the parameters v 10(Si II), R(Si II), v̇, and Δm 15 further underlines the unique characteristics of SN 1999ac. We find convincing evidence of C II λ6580 in the day - 15 spectrum with ejection velocity v > 16,000 km s -1, but this signature disappears by day - 9. This rapid evolution at early times highlights the importance of extremely early-time spectroscopy. © 2005. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Garavini, G., Aldering, G., Amadon, A., Amanullah, R., Astier, P., Ballanc, G., Blanc, G., Conley, A., Dahlén, T., Deustua, S., Ellis, R., Fabbro, S., Fadeyev, V., Fan, X., Folatelli, G., Frye, B., Gates, E., Gibbons, R., Goldhaber, G., Goldman, B., Goobar, A., Groom, D., Haissinski, J., Hardin, D., Hook, I., Howell, D., Kent, S., Kim, A., Knop, R., Kowalski, M., Kuznetsova, N., Lee, B., & Lidman, C. (2005). Spectroscopic observations and analysis of the unusual Type Ia SN 1999ac. Astronomical Journal, 130 (5), 2278-2292. https://doi.org/10.1086/444595