Title

Effect of the ponderomotive potential on atomic energy differences

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1996

Abstract

It is argued that the ponderomotive potential does not alter atomic energy differences, notwithstanding discussions over the years on intense laser interactions with atomic systems. Alternative ionization energies that pertain to such interactions are formulated, helping to remove the confusion that has plagued these discussions. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

First Page

717

Last Page

720

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