We apply linear perturbation theory to the study of the universality and criticality first observed by Choptuik in gravitational collapse. Since these are essentially nonlinear phenomena our approach provides a rough approximation. In spite of this, universal behavior of the final black hole mass is observed with an exponent only slightly higher than the observed value of 0.367. The universal behavior is based on the unique form that in-falling perturbations on black holes have at the horizon. © 1995.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physics Letters A
Pullin, J. (1995). Is there a connection between no-hair behavior and universality in gravitational collapse?. Physics Letters A, 204 (1), 7-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(95)00471-E