Smolin has put forward the proposal that the universe fine tunes the values of its physical constants through a Darwinian selection process. Every time a black hole forms, a new universe is developed inside it that has different values for its physical constants from the ones in its progenitor. The most likely universe is the one which maximizes the number of black holes. Here we present a concrete quantum gravity calculation based on a recently proposed consistent discretization of the Einstein equations that shows that fundamental physical constants change in a random fashion when tunneling through a singularity.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
International Journal of Modern Physics D
Gambini, R., & Pullin, J. (2003). Discrete quantum gravity: A mechanism for selecting the value of fundamental constants. International Journal of Modern Physics D, 12 (9), 1775-1781. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218271803004018