We report here an analysis of the physical stellar parameters of the giant star HD 185351 using Kepler short-cadence photometry, optical and near infrared interferometry from CHARA, and high-resolution spectroscopy. Asteroseismic oscillations detected in the Kepler short-cadence photometry combined with an effective temperature calculated from the interferometric angular diameter and bolometric flux yield a mean density ρ = 0.0130 ± 0.0003 ρ⊙and surface gravity log g = 3.280 ± 0.011. Combining the gravity and density we find R = 5.35 ± 0.20 R⊙and M = 1.99 ± 0.23 M⊙. The trigonometric parallax and CHARA angular diameter give a radius R = 4.97 ± 0.07 R⊙. This smaller radius, when combined with the mean stellar density, corresponds to a stellar mass 1.60 ± 0.08 M⊙, which is smaller than the asteroseismic mass by 1.6σ. We find that a larger mass is supported by the observation of mixed modes in our high-precision photometry, the spacing of which is consistent only for Ma ≳ 1.8 M⊙. Our various and independent mass measurements can be compared to the mass measured from interpolating the spectroscopic parameters onto stellar evolution models, which yields a model-based mass M, model = 1.87 ± 0.07 M⊙. This mass agrees well with the asteroseismic value, but is 2.6σ higher than the mass from the combination of asteroseismology and interferometry. The discrepancy motivates future studies with a larger sample of giant stars. However, all of our mass measurements are consistent with HD 185351 having a mass in excess of 1.5 M⊙.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Johnson, J., Huber, D., Boyajian, T., Brewer, J., White, T., Von Braun, K., Maestro, V., Stello, D., & Barclay, T. (2014). The physical parameters of the retired a star HD 185351. Astrophysical Journal, 794 (1) https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/794/1/15