Title

SU‐E‐T‐101: Dosimetry Intercomparison for a Synchrotron‐Produced Monochromatic X‐Ray Beam

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

1-1-2012

Abstract

Purpose: This study performed a dosimetry intercomparison for synchrotron‐produced monochromatic x‐ray beams. Ion chamber depth‐dose measurements in a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) phantom were compared with the product of MCNP5 Monte Carlo calculations of dose per fluence and measured incident fluence at 25 and 35 keV. The ion chamber measurements are being used to calibrate dose output for cell irradiations designed to investigate photoactivated Auger electron therapy at the LSU Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices (CAMD) synchrotron facility. Methods: Monochromatic beams of 25 and 35 keV were generated on the tomography beamline at CAMD. A cylindrical, air‐equivalent ion chamber was used to measure the ionization created in a 10×10×10‐cm3 PMMA phantom at depths of 0.6 – 7.7 cm. AAPM TG‐61 protocol was applied to convert measured ionization into dose. MCNP5 simulations of the irradiation geometry were performed to determine the dose deposition per photon fluence in the phantom. Photon fluence was determined using a NaI detector to make scattering measurements of the beam from a polyethylene target at angles 15 – 60 degrees. Differential Compton and Rayleigh scattering cross sections were used to derive the incident fluence. Results: At 35 keV dose measurements for equal exposures determined using the MCNP5‐fluence results underestimated those of the ion chamber by 1.8 – 4.8% for PMMA depths from 0.6 – 7.7 cm, respectively. At 25 keV there was an overestimate of 6.6 – 1.9%. Conclusions: These results show that TG‐61 ion chamber dosimetry, used to calibrate the dose output for the cell irradiations, is accurate within approximately 7% for beam energies 25–35 keV. This research was supported by contract W81XWH‐10‐1‐0005 awarded by The U.S. Army Research Acquisition Activity, 820 Chandler Street, Fort Detrick, MD 21702‐5014. This report does not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the Government, and no official endorsement should be inferred. © 2012, American Association of Physicists in Medicine. All rights reserved.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Medical Physics

First Page

3726

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