Free electron motion in an electromagnetic field at zero temperature and the dependence on its rest mass
Efforts to achieve quantum computation, teleportation, and communication depend on minimizing decoherence, which is the destruction of a quantum interference pattern. Here, we examine effects arising from the universal zero-point (temperature T = 0) oscillations of the electromagnetic field on a free electron in a Schrödinger cat superposition state. A unique conclusion is that the spreading of an electron wavepacket and the rate of decay of decoherence depend on the bare mass m of the electron. However, only for m = 0 does decoherence occur and the fact that it occurs almost instantly is ruled out by electron interference experiments. For m = 0, the electron essentially behaves as a free particle. © Nauka/Interperiodica 2007.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Ford, G., & O'Connell, R. (2007). Free electron motion in an electromagnetic field at zero temperature and the dependence on its rest mass. Laser Physics, 17 (4), 302-304. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1054660X07040020