We recently studied a doped two-dimensional bosonic Hubbard model with two hard-core species, with different masses, using quantum Monte Carlo simulations [Hettiarachchilage, Phys. Rev. B 88, 161101(R) (2013)PRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.88.161101]. Upon doping away from half filling, we find several distinct phases, including a phase-separated ferromagnet with Mott behavior for the heavy species and both Mott-insulating and superfluid behaviors for the light species. Introducing polarization, i.e., an imbalance in the population between species, we find a fully phase-separated ferromagnet. This phase exists for a broad range of temperatures and polarizations. By using finite-size scaling of the susceptibility, we find a critical exponent which is consistent with the two-dimensional Ising universality class. Significantly, since the global entropy of this phase is higher than that of the ferromagnetic phase with single species, its experimental observation in cold atoms may be feasible.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Hettiarachchilage, K., Rousseau, V., Tam, K., Jarrell, M., & Moreno, J. (2014). Ferromagnetic phase in the polarized two-species bosonic Hubbard model. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 90 (20) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.90.205104