The dynamical mean field theory (DMFT) has emerged as one of the most importantframeworks for theoretical investigations of strongly correlated lattice models and realmaterial systems. Within DMFT, a lattice model can be mapped onto the problem of amagnetic impurity embedded in a self-consistently determined bath. The solution of thisimpurity problem is the most challenging step in this framework. The available numericallyexact methods such as quantum Monte Carlo, numerical renormalization group or exactdiagonalization are naturally unbiased and accurate, but are computationally expensive.Thus, approximate methods, based e.g. on diagrammatic perturbation theory have gainedsubstantial importance. Although such methods are not always reliable in various parameterregimes such as in the proximity of phase transitions or for strong coupling, theadvantages they offer, in terms of being computationally inexpensive, with real frequencyoutput at zero and finite temperatures, compensate for their deficiencies and offer aquick, qualitative analysis of the system behavior. In this work, we have developed such amethod, that can be classified as a multi-orbital iterated perturbation theory (MO-IPT) tostudy N-folddegenerate and non degenerate Anderson impurity models. As applications of the solver, wehave embedded the MO-IPT within DMFT and explored lattice models like the single orbitalHubbard model, covalent band insulator and the multi-orbital Hubbard model fordensity-density type interactions in different parameter regimes. The Hund’s couplingeffects in case of multiple orbitals is also studied. The limitations and quality ofresults are gauged through extensive comparison with data from the numerically exactcontinuous time quantum Monte Carlo method (CTQMC). In the case of the single orbitalHubbard model, covalent band insulators and non degenerate multi-orbital Hubbard models,we obtained an excellent agreement between the Matsubara self-energies of MO-IPT andCTQMC. But for the degenerate multi-orbital Hubbard model, we observe that the agreementwith CTQMC results gets better as we move away from particle-hole symmetry. We have alsointegrated MO-IPT+DMFT with density functional theory based electronic structure methodsto study real material systems. As a test case, we have studied the classic, stronglycorrelated electronic material, SrVO3. A comparison of density of states and photo emissionspectrum (PES) with results obtained from different impurity solvers and experimentsyields good agreement.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
European Physical Journal B
Dasari, N., Mondal, W., Zhang, P., Moreno, J., Jarrell, M., & Vidhyadhiraja, N. (2016). A multi-orbital iterated perturbation theory for model Hamiltonians and real material-specific calculations of correlated systems. European Physical Journal B, 89 (9) https://doi.org/10.1140/epjb/e2016-70133-4