A depth-encoding anger detector using scintillating fibers
Parallax error during coincidence imaging with dual-head cameras causes infidelity in tomographic images, worsening as one increases crystal thickness to combat poor detection efficiency. We are integrating wavelength-shifting (WLS) scintillating fibers onto a thick NaI(Tl) crystal to create an Anger detector capable of measuring depth-of-interaction (DOI). Our studies target eventual implementation on the large-area detectors of commercial multihead coincidence imaging systems. The prototype detector uses a 127 × 127 × 25.4 mm3 NaI(Tl) crystal. The crystal is sealed in a two-windowed aluminum enclosure-both faces of the crystal are coupled optically to glass windows. A ribbon of 125 square 1-mm WLS fibers is coupled lengthwise to the entrance window; enhanced-green-response photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) detect the light from the fibers. The number of fibers exhibiting signals above a threshold value determines the DOI. For interactions near the ribbon, light localizes in only a few fibers; light from distant interactions illuminates many fibers. Four PMTs, for position centroid calculation and energy windowing, are coupled through a light-guide to the exit window of the detector. This paper summarizes the concept of the depth-encoding Anger detector, describes the design of the detector prototype, and details on-going feasibility testing and optimization of the detector.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Matthews, K., Leonard, S., Ordonez, C., Persyk, D., & Chang, W. (2001). A depth-encoding anger detector using scintillating fibers. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 48 (4 II), 1397-1402. https://doi.org/10.1109/23.958364