Introduction to the SalSA, a saltdome shower array as a GZK neutrino observatory
The observed spectrum of ultra-high energy cosmic rays virtually guarantees the presence of ultra-high energy neutrinos due to their interaction with the cosmic microwave background. Every one of these neutrinos will point back to its source and, unlike cosmic rays, will arrive at the Earth unattenuated, from sources perhaps as distant as z=20. The neutrino telescopes currently under construction, should discover a handful of these events, probably too few for detailed study. In this talk I will describe how an array of VHF and UHF antennas embedded in a large salt dome, SalSA (Saltdome Shower Array) promises to yield a teraton detector (> 500 km3-sr) for contained neutrino events with energies above 1017 eV. Our simulations show that such a detector may observe several hundreds of these neutrinos over its lifetime. Our simulations also show how such interactions will provide high energy physicists with an energy frontier for weak interactions an order-of-magnitude larger than that of the LHC. The flavor ID capalities of SALSA, combined with the extreme L/E of these neutrinos, will provide a window on neutrino oscillations and decay times eight orders of magnitude higher than laboratory experiments. In addition to the latest simulation results, we describe progress on detectors and site selection. © World Scientific Publishing Company.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
International Journal of Modern Physics A
Saltzberg, D., Saltzberg, D., Arisaka, K., Bain, R., Barwick, S., Beatty, J., Besson, D., Binns, W., Chen, C., Chen, P., Cherry, M., Connolly, A., DuVernois, M., Field, C., Fink, M., Goldstein, D., Gorham, P., Gratta, G., Guzik, T., Halzen, F., Hast, C., Hauser, J., Hoover, S., Jui, C., Klein, S., Learned, J., Lin, G., Matsuno, S., Matthews, J., Milincic, R., Miocinovicn, P., Nahnhauer, R., & Nam, J. (2006). Introduction to the SalSA, a saltdome shower array as a GZK neutrino observatory. International Journal of Modern Physics A, 21 (SUPPL. 1), 252-253. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217751X06033726