Low-energy-threshold analysis of the Phase I and Phase II data sets of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory
Results are reported from a joint analysis of Phase I and Phase II data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. The effective electron kinetic energy threshold used is Teff=3.5 MeV, the lowest analysis threshold yet achieved with water Cherenkov detector data. In units of 106 cm-2 s-1, the total flux of active-flavor neutrinos from B8 decay in the Sun measured using the neutral current (NC) reaction of neutrinos on deuterons, with no constraint on the B8 neutrino energy spectrum, is found to be ΦNC=5.140-0.158+0.160(stat)-0.117+0.132(syst). These uncertainties are more than a factor of 2 smaller than previously published results. Also presented are the spectra of recoil electrons from the charged current reaction of neutrinos on deuterons and the elastic scattering of electrons. A fit to the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory data in which the free parameters directly describe the total B8 neutrino flux and the energy-dependent νe survival probability provides a measure of the total B8 neutrino flux Φ8B=5.046-0.152+0.159(stat) -0.123+0.107(syst). Combining these new results with results of all other solar experiments and the KamLAND reactor experiment yields best-fit values of the mixing parameters of θ12=34.06-0.84+1.16 degrees and Δm212=7.59-0. 21+0.20×10-5 eV2. The global value of Φ8B is extracted to a precision of -2.95+2.38%. In a three-flavor analysis the best fit value of sin2θ13 is 2.00-1.63+2.09×10-2. This implies an upper bound of sin2θ13<0.057 (95% C.L.). © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Aharmim, B., Ahmed, S., Anthony, A., Barros, N., Beier, E., Bellerive, A., Beltran, B., Bergevin, M., Biller, S., Boudjemline, K., Boulay, M., Burritt, T., Cai, B., Chan, Y., Chauhan, D., Chen, M., Cleveland, B., Cox, G., Dai, X., Deng, H., Detwiler, J., Dimarco, M., Doe, P., Doucas, G., Drouin, P., Duba, C., Duncan, F., & Dunford, M. (2010). Low-energy-threshold analysis of the Phase I and Phase II data sets of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, 81 (5) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.81.055504