The ratios of fluxes of heavy nuclei from sulfur (Z=16) to chromium (Z=24) to the flux of iron were measured by the ATIC-2 experiment. The ratios are decreasing functions of energy from 5 GeV/n to approximately 80 GeV/n, as expected. However, an unexpected sharp upturn in the ratios are observed for energies above 100 GeV/n for all elements from Z=16 to Z=24. Similar upturn but with lower amplitude was also discovered in the ATIC-2 data for the ratio of fluxes of abundant even nuclei (C, O, Ne, Mg, Si) to the flux of iron. Therefore the spectrum of iron is significantly different from the spectra of other abundant even nuclei.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Panov, A., Sokolskaya, N., Zatsepin, V., Adams, J., Ahn, H., Bashindzhagyan, G., Chang, J., Christl, M., Fazely, A., Guzik, T., Isbert, J., Kim, K., Kouznetsov, E., Panasyuk, M., Seo, E., Watts, J., Wefel, J., & Wu, J. (2013). Upturn observed in heavy nuclei to iron ratios by the ATIC-2 experiment. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 409 (1) https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/409/1/012036