Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms
We calculate the transient absorption of an isolated attosecond pulse (IAP) by helium atoms subject to a delayed infrared (IR) laser pulse. With the central frequency of the broad attosecond spectrum near the ionization threshold, the absorption spectrum is strongly modulated at the sub-IR-cycle level. Given that the absorption spectrum results from a time-integrated measurement, we investigate the extent to which the delay dependence of the absorption yields information about the attosecond dynamics of the atom-field energy exchange. We find two configurations in which this is possible. The first involves multiphoton transitions between bound states that result in interference between different excitation pathways. The second involves the modification of the bound state absorption lines by the IR field, which we find can result in a subcycle time dependence only when ionization limits the duration of the strong-field interaction. © 2013 American Physical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Chen, S., Wu, M., Gaarde, M., & Schafer, K. (2013). Quantum interference in attosecond transient absorption of laser-dressed helium atoms. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 87 (3) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.87.033408