Annihilation and Control of Chiral Domain Walls with Magnetic Fields
The control of domain walls is central to nearly all magnetic technologies, particularly for information storage and spintronics. Creative attempts to increase storage density need to overcome volatility due to thermal fluctuations of nanoscopic domains and heating limitations. Topological defects, such as solitons, skyrmions, and merons, may be much less susceptible to fluctuations, owing to topological constraints, while also being controllable with low current densities. Here, we present the first evidence for soliton/soliton and soliton/antisoliton domain walls in the hexagonal chiral magnet Mn1/3NbS2 that respond asymmetrically to magnetic fields and exhibit pair-annihilation. This is important because it suggests the possibility of controlling the occurrence of soliton pairs and the use of small fields or small currents to control nanoscopic magnetic domains. Specifically, our data suggest that either soliton/soliton or soliton/antisoliton pairs can be stabilized by tuning the balance between intrinsic exchange interactions and long-range magnetostatics in restricted geometries.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Karna, S., Marshall, M., Xie, W., Debeer-Schmitt, L., Young, D., Vekhter, I., Shelton, W., Kovács, A., Charilaou, M., & Ditusa, J. (2021). Annihilation and Control of Chiral Domain Walls with Magnetic Fields. Nano Letters, 21 (3), 1205-1212. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c03199