High accuracy binary black hole simulations with an extended wave zone
We present results from a new code for binary black hole evolutions using the moving-puncture approach, implementing finite differences in generalized coordinates, and allowing the spacetime to be covered with multiple communicating nonsingular coordinate patches. Here we consider a regular Cartesian near-zone, with adapted spherical grids covering the wave zone. The efficiencies resulting from the use of adapted coordinates allow us to maintain sufficient grid resolution to an artificial outer boundary location which is causally disconnected from the measurement. For the well-studied test case of the inspiral of an equal-mass nonspinning binary (evolved for more than 8 orbits before merger), we determine the phase and amplitude to numerical accuracies better than 0.010% and 0.090% during inspiral, respectively, and 0.003% and 0.153% during merger. The waveforms, including the resolved higher harmonics, are convergent and can be consistently extrapolated to r→ throughout the simulation, including the merger and ringdown. Ringdown frequencies for these modes (to (m)=(6,6)) match perturbative calculations to within 0.01%, providing a strong confirmation that the remnant settles to a Kerr black hole with irreducible mass Mirr=0.884355±20×10-6 and spin Sf/Mf2=0.686923±10×10-6. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Pollney, D., Reisswig, C., Schnetter, E., Dorband, N., & Diener, P. (2011). High accuracy binary black hole simulations with an extended wave zone. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 83 (4) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.83.044045