Title

Constraints on cosmic strings from the ligo-virgo gravitational-wave detectors

Authors

J. Aasi, California Institute of Technology
J. Abadie, California Institute of Technology
B. P. Abbott, California Institute of Technology
R. Abbott, California Institute of Technology
T. Abbott, Louisiana State University
M. R. Abernathy, California Institute of Technology
T. Accadia, Université Savoie Mont Blanc
F. Acernese, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Napoli
C. Adams, LIGO Livingston
T. Adams, Cardiff University
R. X. Adhikari, California Institute of Technology
C. Affeldt, Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute)
M. Agathos, FOM-Institute of Subatomic Physics - NIKHEF
N. Aggarwal, LIGO, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
O. D. Aguiar, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais
P. Ajith, California Institute of Technology
B. Allen, Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute)
A. Allocca, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa
E. Amador Ceron, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
D. Amariutei, University of Florida
R. A. Anderson, California Institute of Technology
S. B. Anderson, California Institute of Technology
W. G. Anderson, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
K. Arai, California Institute of Technology
M. C. Araya, California Institute of Technology
C. Arceneaux, University of Mississippi
J. Areeda, California State University, Fullerton
S. Ast, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover
S. M. Aston, LIGO Livingston
P. Astone, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - INFN
P. Aufmuth, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover
C. Aulbert, Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute)
L. Austin, California Institute of Technology

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-4-2014

Abstract

Cosmic strings can give rise to a large variety of interesting astrophysical phenomena. Among them, powerful bursts of gravitational waves (GWs) produced by cusps are a promising observational signature. In this Letter we present a search for GWs from cosmic string cusps in data collected by the LIGO and Virgo gravitational wave detectors between 2005 and 2010, with over 625 days of live time. We find no evidence of GW signals from cosmic strings. From this result, we derive new constraints on cosmic string parameters, which complement and improve existing limits from previous searches for a stochastic background of GWs from cosmic microwave background measurements and pulsar timing data. In particular, if the size of loops is given by the gravitational backreaction scale, we place upper limits on the string tension Gμ below 10-8 in some regions of the cosmic string parameter space. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Physical Review Letters

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