Ultra-sensitive NH sensor based on flower-shaped SnS nanostructures with sub-ppm detection ability
Layered metal dichalcogenides (LMDs) semiconducting materials have recently attracted tremendous attention as high performance gas sensors due to unique chemical and physical properties of thin layers. Here, three-dimensional SnS nanoflower structures assembled with thin nanosheets were synthesized via a facile solvothermal process. When applied to detect 100ppm NH at 200°C, the SnS based sensor exhibited high response value of 7.4, short response/recovery time of 40.6s/624s. Moreover, the sensor demonstrated a low detection limit of 0.5ppm NH and superb selectivity to NH against CO, CH, H, ethanol and acetone. The excellent performance is attributed to the unique thin layers assembled flower-like nanoarchitecture, which facilitates both the carrier charge transfer process and the adsorption/desorption reaction. More importantly, it was found that the sensor response enhanced with increasing oxygen content in background and was improved by 3.57 times with oxygen content increasing from 0 to 40%. The increased response is owing to the enhanced binding energies between SnS and NH moleculers. Theoretically, density functional theory was employed to reveal the NH adsorption mechanism in different background oxygen contents, which opens a new horizon for LMD based structures applied in various gas sensing fields.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of hazardous materials
Xiong, Y., Xu, W., Ding, D., Lu, W., Zhu, L., Zhu, Z., Wang, Y., & Xue, Q. (2018). Ultra-sensitive NH sensor based on flower-shaped SnS nanostructures with sub-ppm detection ability. Journal of hazardous materials, 341, 159-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.07.060