Title

Clinical utility of liver biopsies in dogs undergoing splenectomy

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neoplasia detected on liver biopsy obtained at the time of splenectomy in dogs with splenic masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of medical records of dogs with splenic masses from which liver biopsies were taken following splenectomy. RESULTS: Malignant splenic neoplasia was detected in 50 of 113 (44.2%) of the dogs undergoing splenectomy. Neoplastic liver disease was detected on biopsy from 1 of 40 (2.5%) dogs with a grossly normal liver and from 20 of 69 (28.9%) dogs with a grossly abnormal liver. Dogs with a grossly abnormal liver had a ~ 16 times (95% CI: 2.5-170) higher chance of being diagnosed with liver neoplasia on biopsy. Haemoabdomen was also associated with an increased likelihood of liver neoplasia on biopsy at the time of splenectomy. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: A liver biopsy taken from grossly normal liver is a low-yield diagnostic test but liver biopsy is recommended following splenectomy if the liver appears abnormal at surgery.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

The Journal of small animal practice

First Page

684

Last Page

688

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