Allostatic stress load and CMV serostatus impact immune response to maximal exercise in collegiate swimmers.
Collegiate athletes are exposed to varying levels of academic and physical stressors, placing them at increased risk for stress-activated latent viral infections. However, the impact of allostatic stress load on the immune response to maximal exercise in athletes remains largely unknown. This study examined the effects of a 7-mo training period and cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus on immune cell response to high-intensity swim tests within a group of collegiate swimmers. Samples were collected from 15 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I swimmers (9 men, 6 women: 19.87 ± 0.64 yr) before and after exhaustive in-pool swims at 2 time points (V1: immediately post-season 1 and V3: beginning of season 2). An additional off-season (V2) time point was collected in a subset of 9 swimmers. Natural killer (NK) cell, B cell, and T cells were quantified by flow cytometry. Linear mixed models were used to determine the effects of exercise, time point, and CMV serostatus (α = 0.05). Resting senescent CD8+ T cells were higher in CMV-seropositive participants at V3 (P = 0.005). CMV-seronegative participants had a decrease in resting senescent CD8+ T cells from V1 to V3 (P = 0.021). After acute exercise, CMV-seropositive participants had lower naïve CD8+ T cells (P < 0.001) and higher senescent CD8+ T cells (P < 0.001). Increased cumulative stress levels did not appear to affect B-cell and NK-cell compartments. Immune response to exercise was impacted by CMV serostatus and allostatic stress load. Young CMV-seropositive athletes exposed to elevated stressors should be monitored to determine long-term effects of training and academic stressors.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Allostatic stress load is associated with impaired immune response to maximal exercise in cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seropositive subjects but not in CMV-seronegative young healthy adults.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)
Irving, B. (2019). Allostatic stress load and CMV serostatus impact immune response to maximal exercise in collegiate swimmers.. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00646.2019