Master of Science (MS)


Human Ecology

Document Type



Research on emergent literacy states that young children learn about reading and writing through experiences with oral and written language. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency that individual preschool children voluntarily engaged in literacy behaviors during free choice in the classroom. The sample consisted of nine preschool children from low-income families enrolled in three classrooms in an urban preschool program. The classroom environment was assessed using the Early Language and Literacy Classroom Observation (ELLCO - Smith & Dickinson, 2002), which provides infor- mation on how well the classroom environment supports early literacy development. Literacy behaviors were measured during center time, a period when children are allowed to choose their activities. Intervention consisted of (1) adding literacy props to centers based on the needs identified by the ELLCO and (2) a teacher mediation intervention. Results were consistent with previous studies in that the addition of literacy props paired with teacher mediation led to an increase in literacy behaviors among preschool children.



Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Cynthia DiCarlo

Included in

Human Ecology Commons