A systematic study of Xylella fastidiosa strains isolated from pecan, grapevine, oleander, and sycamore in Louisiana
Master of Science (MS)
Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology
Xylella fastidiosa causes disease in a number of economically important crops and landscape shrubs and trees including grapevine, citrus, oleander, and sycamore. In pecan, X. fastidiosa causes pecan bacterial leaf scorch (PBLS), which leads to defoliation and reduces nut yield. No economically effective treatments are available for PBLS. In order to improve PBLS management practices, it is necessary to determine the subspecies of X. fastidiosa strains that infect pecan so potential sources of inoculum can be identified. Multiprimer PCR and phylogenetic analyses using nucleotide sequence data from the 16S-23S rDNA intergenic transcribed spacer (ITS) region and pglA consistently identified strains of X. fastidiosa isolated from pecan as X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR and repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP)-PCR analyses were congruent with phylogenetic analyses. REP-PCR analyses indicated genetic variation within strains of X. fastidiosa from pecan. From these same analyses, X. fastidiosa strains from sycamore, grapevine and oleander from Louisiana were identified as subsp. multiplex, subsp. fastidiosa and subsp. sandyi, respectively. This study provides additional information about the host ranges of X. fastidiosa subspecies.
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Melanson, Rebecca Ann, "A systematic study of Xylella fastidiosa strains isolated from pecan, grapevine, oleander, and sycamore in Louisiana" (2011). LSU Master's Theses. 665.
Ham, Jong Hyun