Semester of Graduation

Fall 2017

Degree

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)

Department

Electrical Engineering

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

Microgrid energy management is a challenging and important problem in modern power systems. Several deterministic and stochastic models have been proposed in the literature for the microgrid energy management problem. However, more accurate models are required to enhance flexibility of the microgrids when accounting for renewable energy and load uncertainties. This thesis proposes key contributions to solve the energy management problem for smart building (or small-scale microgrid). In Chapter 3, a deterministic energy management model is presented taking into account system flexibility requirements. Energy storage systems are deployed to enhance the grid flexibility and ramping capability. The objective function of the formulated optimization is to minimize the operation cost. Combined heat and power (CHP) units, which interconnect heat and electricity, are modeled. Thus, electricity and thermal generation and load constraints are formulated. To account for uncertainties of load and renewable energy resources (e.g., solar generation), a stochastic energy management model is proposed in Chapter 4. A data-driven chance-constrained optimization is based method is formulated. The proposed model is nonparametric that imposes no assumption on probability distribution functions (PDFs) of the random variables (i.e., load and renewable generation). Adaptive kernel density estimation is deployed to estimate a nonparametric PDF for each random variable. Confidence levels (risk levels) of the chance constraints are modified according to estimation errors. Several cases are simulated to analyze the deterministic and stochastic optimization models. The simulation results show that the proposed data-driven chance-constrained optimization with the flexibility constraints enhance reliability, resiliency, and economics of the microgrid energy systems. Note that these flexibility constraints avoid propagating solar and load fluctuations to the distribution feeder. That is smart building (microgrid) is capable of capturing fluctuations locally.

Date

11-10-2017

Committee Chair

Amin Kargarian Marvasti

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