Master of Science in Civil Engineering (MSCE)
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Biomass, the organic material derived from plants or animals in a biological process, has rapidly become a topic of worldwide interest. The need to find new types of renewable energy sources has led to the use of natural materials as an economic, sustainable and environmental alternative. Biomass can be used to produce biofuel after a conversion process. The combustion of biomass matter –which is mainly produced in industrial plants- becomes biomass ash, which contains macronutrients and micronutrients. Currently, the recycling potential is wasted and most of the biomass ash is dumped without control or just disposed in landfills. The main objective of this research is to provide an environmental solution recycling the biomass ash and reducing the waste. Thus, biomass ashes from two kinds of materials were selected and tested in the laboratory. Wood ash is used in this study since wood is currently one of the largest biomass energy sources that has been applied in engineering in construction of roads, landfills and concrete mixtures. Also, sugarcane bagasse ash was used in this study because sugarcane is the most abundant crop in Louisiana. Bagasse is the residue matter, mostly consisting of the dry fibrous mass remaining after the juice is extracted. Therefore, wood and sugarcane bagasse ashes’ physical and chemical properties were investigated for their characterization such as particle size distribution –sieve and hydrometer, specific gravity, pH, microscope examination using SEM and elemental analysis using EDS. Also, geotechnical tests were conducted such as hydraulic conductivity, one-dimensional consolidation, shear wave velocity using bender elements and thermal conductivity. Samples containing 100% of Ottawa 20-30 sand, wood ash and sugarcane bagasse ash were tested first. Later, mixtures of sand with 2~10% ash were tested in order to compare and evaluate the behavior of those biomass ashes when mixing them with a non-cohesive soil.
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Grau Sacoto, Francisco Javier, "Engineering Behavior and Characterization of Biomass Ashes using Geotechnical Measurement Techniques" (2014). LSU Master's Theses. 1024.