Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

Document Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Recent advances in large-scale experimental facilities ushered in an era of data-driven science. These large-scale data increase the opportunity to answer many fundamental questions in basic science. However, these data pose new challenges to the scientific community in terms of their optimal processing and transfer. Consequently, scientists are in dire need of robust high performance computing (HPC) solutions that can scale with terabytes of data.

In this thesis, I address the challenges in three major aspects of scientific big data processing as follows: 1) Developing scalable software and algorithms for data- and compute-intensive scientific applications. 2) Proposing new cluster architectures that these software tools need for good performance. 3) Transferring the big scientific dataset among clusters situated at geographically disparate locations.

In the first part, I develop scalable algorithms to process huge amounts of scientific big data using the power of recent analytic tools such as, Hadoop, Giraph, NoSQL, etc. At a broader level, these algorithms take the advantage of locality-based computing that can scale with increasing amount of data. The thesis mainly addresses the challenges involved in large-scale genome analysis applications such as, genomic error correction and genome assembly which made their way to the forefront of big data challenges recently.

In the second part of the thesis, I perform a systematic benchmark study using the above-mentioned algorithms on different distributed cyberinfrastructures to pinpoint the limitations in a traditional HPC cluster to process big data. Then I propose the solution to those limitations by balancing the I/O bandwidth of the solid state drive (SSD) with the computational speed of high-performance CPUs. A theoretical model has been also proposed to help the HPC system designers who are striving for system balance.

In the third part of the thesis, I develop a high throughput architecture for transferring these big scientific datasets among geographically disparate clusters. The architecture leverages the power of Ethereum's Blockchain technology and Swarm's peer-to-peer (P2P) storage technology to transfer the data in secure, tamper-proof fashion. Instead of optimizing the computation in a single cluster, in this part, my major motivation is to foster translational research and data interoperability in collaboration with multiple institutions.

Date

6-23-2018

Committee Chair

Seung-Jong Park

Available for download on Sunday, June 23, 2019

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