Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Kalman filtering is a widely used recursive algorithm for optimal state estimation of linear stochastic dynamic systems. The recent advances of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) provide the technology to monitor and control physical processes with a high degree of temporal and spatial granularity. Several important problems concerning Kalman filtering over WSNs are addressed in this dissertation. First we study data fusion Kalman filtering for discrete-time linear time-invariant (LTI) systems over WSNs, assuming the existence of a data fusion center that receives observations from distributed sensor nodes and estimates the state of the target system in the presence of data packet drops. We focus on the single sensor node case and show that the critical data arrival rate of the Bernoulli channel can be computed by solving a simple linear matrix inequality problem. Then a more general scenario is considered where multiple sensor nodes are employed. We derive the stationary Kalman filter that minimizes the average error variance under a TCP-like protocol. The stability margin is adopted to tackle the stability issue. Second we study distributed Kalman filtering for LTI systems over WSNs, where each sensor node is required to locally estimate the state in a collaborative manner with its neighbors in the presence of data packet drops. The stationary distributed Kalman filter (DKF) that minimizes the local average error variance is derived. Building on the stationary DKF, we propose Kalman consensus filter for the consensus of different local estimates. The upper bound for the consensus coefficient is computed to ensure the mean square stability of the error dynamics. Finally we focus on time-varying topology. The solution to state consensus control for discrete-time homogeneous multi-agent systems over deterministic time-varying feedback topology is provided, generalizing the existing results. Then we study distributed state estimation over WSNs with time-varying communication topology. Under the uniform observability, each sensor node can closely track the dynamic state by using only its own observation, plus information exchanged with its neighbors, and carrying out local computation.
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Zhou, Jianming, "Distributed Kalman Filters over Wireless Sensor Networks: Data Fusion, Consensus, and Time-Varying Topologies" (2017). LSU Doctoral Dissertations. 4408.