Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

Document Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Microfluidic technology offers numerous advantages in minimizing and integrating the traditional assays. However, the lack of efficient control components of the microfluidic systems has been hindering the widely commercialization of the technology. The research work in this dissertation focused on the development of effective control components for microfluidic applications.

A linear peristaltic pump was firstly designed, fabricated, and tested for conventional microfluidics by synchronously compressing the microfluidic channel with a miniature cam-follower system in Chapter 2. The miniature cam-follower system and microfluidic chip was prototyped using three-dimensional (3D) printing technology and soft lithography technology. Results from experimental test showed that the pump is self-priming and tolerant of bubbles. The pumping flowrate and back pressure could be controlled by changing the driving speed of the motor.

Then a novel pinch-type valving system that can be used to realize both normally closed and normally open valves for centrifugal microfluidics was demonstrated in Chapter 3. A sliding wedge was actuated by centrifugal force to drive the valves. Experimental test and theoretical predication showed that the burst frequency of the valves could be tuned by changing the physical parameters of the valving system. In Chapter 4, the pinch type valving system was then further improved for better integration of multiple valves in limited space to realize sequential control of microfluidics. A valve chip with grooves on the surface was used to drive multiple valves. A flow switch which is capable of working at low rotation frequency and constant rotation direction is realized.

Finally, the microfluidic platform was utilized for automatic urinalysis for the application at point of care (POC) to eliminate the difficulties in control of sample distribution and read-out time in manually conducted colorimetric urinalysis. 3D printed prototype of the microfluidic chip was used to test the proposed system. Commercial urinalysis strips was integrated with the microfluidic system for detecting glucose, specific gravity, PH, and protein from simulated urine sample. The color change of the pads was recorded using smartphone camera and analyzed to quantify the interested parameters.

Date

2-19-2018

Committee Chair

Wang, Wanjun

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