Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
In this work, a programmable second order oversampling CMOS delta-sigma analog-to-digital converter (ADC) design in 0.5µm n-well CMOS processes is presented for integration in sensor nodes for wireless sensor networks. The digital cascaded integrator comb (CIC) decimation filter is designed to operate at three different oversampling ratios of 16, 32 and 64 to give three different resolutions of 9, 12 and 14 bits, respectively which impact the power consumption of the sensor nodes. Since the major part of power consumed in the CIC decimator is by the integrators, an alternate design is introduced by inserting coder circuits and reusing the same integrators for different resolutions and oversampling ratios to reduce power consumption. The measured peak signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for the designed second order delta-sigma modulator is 75.6dB at an oversampling ratio of 64, 62.3dB at an oversampling ratio of 32 and 45.3dB at an oversampling ratio of 16. The implementation of a built-in current sensor (BICS) which takes into account the increased background current of defect-free circuits and the effects of process variation on ΔIDDQ testing of CMOS data converters is also presented. The BICS uses frequency as the output for fault detection in CUT. A fault is detected when the output frequency deviates more than ±10% from the reference frequency. The output frequencies of the BICS for various model parameters are simulated to check for the effect of process variation on the frequency deviation. A design for on-chip testability of CMOS ADC by linear ramp histogram technique using synchronous counter as register in code detection unit (CDU) is also presented. A brief overview of the histogram technique, the formulae used to calculate the ADC parameters, the design implemented in 0.5µm n-well CMOS process, the results and effectiveness of the design are described. Registers in this design are replaced by 6T-SRAM cells and a hardware optimized on-chip testability of CMOS ADC by linear ramp histogram technique using 6T-SRAM as register in CDU is presented. The on-chip linear ramp histogram technique can be seamlessly combined with ΔIDDQ technique for improved testability, increased fault coverage and reliable operation.
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Soundararajan, Rajiv, "Programmable CMOS Analog-to-Digital Converter Design and Testability" (2012). LSU Doctoral Dissertations. 3552.