Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Human Resource Education and Workforce Development

Document Type



Stakeholders of higher education expect a positive return for their investment. One of the measures of success for higher education is persistence; one of the measures of persistence is retention rate. One segment of higher education, community colleges, receives a significant outlay of public resources in terms of government appropriations, student financial aid, and individual investment. This study follows the framework of Ryan (2004) and Gansemer-Topf and Schuh (2006) who successfully created models using the allocation of financial resources to predict graduation and retention rates for four-year colleges. Using data from the U. S. Department of Education’s Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), this study examined the relationship between the allocation of financial resources and selected institutional demographics with freshman retention for community colleges. This study found no relationship between financial allocation and selected institutional demographics with freshman retention. In addition, this study found no predictive model using financial allocation to determine freshman retention, but found a minimally effective model by adding selected institutional characteristics as predictors. Further research adding additional predictors may discover an effective predictive model for freshman retention.



Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Kotrilk, Joe