Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Due to its spectral efficiency and robustness over the multipath channels, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) has served as one of the major modulation schemes for the modern communication systems. In the future, the wireless OFDM systems are expected to operate at high carrier-frequencies, high speed and high throughput mobile reception, where the fasting time-varying fading channels are encountered. The channel variation destroys the orthogonality among the subcarriers and leads to the intercarrier interference (ICI). ICI poses a significant limitation to the wireless OFDM systems. The aim of this dissertation is to find an efficient method of providing reliable communication using OFDM in the fast time-varying fading channel scenarios. First, we investigate the OFDM performance in the situation of time-varying mobile channels in the presence of multiple Doppler frequency shifts. A new mathematical framework of the ICI effect is derived. The simulation results show that ICI induces an irreducible error probability floor, which in proportional to the Doppler frequency shifts. Furthermore, it is observed that ICI power arises from a few adjacent subcarriers. This observation motivates us to design the low-complexity Q-tap equalizers, namely, Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) linear equalizer and Decision Feedback (DF) non-linear equalizer to mitigate the ICI. Simulation results show that both Q-tap equalizers can improve the system performance in the sense of symbol error rate (SER). To employ these equalizers, the channel state information is also required. In this dissertation, we also design a pilot-aided channel estimation via Wiener filtering for a time-varying Wide-sense Stationary Uncorrelated Scatterers (WSSUS) channel model. The channel estimator utilizes that channel statistical properties. Our proposed low-complexity ICI suppression scheme, which incorporates the Q-tap equalizer with our proposed channel estimator, can significantly improve the performance of the OFDM systems in a fast time-varying fading channels. At the last part of the dissertation, an alternative ICI mitigation approach, which is based on the ICI self-cancellation coding, is also discussed. The EM-based approach, which solves the phase and amplitude ambiguities associated with this approach, is also introduced.
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Huang, Xiaozhou, "Intercarrier Interference Suppression for the OFDM Systems in Time-Varying Multipath Fading Channels" (2006). LSU Doctoral Dissertations. 1386.