Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
This dissertation examines nineteenth-century Louisianan author Alfred Mercier’s novels and their roles as emblems of Francophone Creole cultural identity. During the nineteenth century following the Louisiana Purchase and subsequent anglophone influx, the French-speaking Creole population faced a cultural upheaval. Unable to completely identify as either French or American, Creoles occupied an uncertain space. This study demonstrates that Alfred Mercier’s works articulate a hybrid identity that is neither French nor American but rather a multicultural construct. The first chapter examines the nineteenth-century Creole community’s problematic positioning between French and American cultures. Chapters two, three, and four center on two of Mercier’s texts and concentrate on his depictions of race, gender, and language, respectively, while incorporating a historical perspective and establishing a literary context using works by more well-known French and francophone authors. This analysis shows that Mercier’s representations take into account the multiplicity of cultures established in Creole society, contesting the perception that Creole identity can be defined singularly.
Document Availability at the Time of Submission
Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.
Cashell, Mary Florence, "Literary expressions of Creole identity in Alfred Mercier's L'Habitation Saint-Ybars and Johnelle" (2012). LSU Doctoral Dissertations. 1320.