Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Physics and Astronomy
A major focus in condensed matter physics is to study the origin of exotic quantum phases such as coexistent and inhomogeneous phases, quantum criticality, and secondary ordered phases close to quantum critical points. Exotic phenomena in strongly correlated systems occur due to competing complex interactions of spin, charge, lattice, and orbital degrees of freedom. Complex quantum phases in strongly correlated systems are challenging, but they might be very useful due to their possible functionality to make advance devices. In order to understand, utilize, and optimize such behaviors, we need to improve our understanding of these systems. Studies in cold atom systems are of interest since cold atom experiments provide a control on model parameters.
In this thesis, we use novel analytical and computational techniques to treat strongly interacting bosonic systems. Taking advantage of the very versatile quantum Monte Carlo Stochastic Green Function algorithm, we studied several interesting problems. First, we explore a recently developed new confining method for cold atoms on optical lattices. Atoms are confined via a hopping integral that decreases as a function of the distance from the center of the lattice. This method might lead to lower temperatures than existing diagonal confinement methods. Next, we study the ground state phase diagram of interacting bosons on a ring-shape lattice with a region of weak hopping integrals. The model, an extension of the well known Bose-Hubbard model, develops a novel local Mott phase in addition to the usual Mott and superfluid phases in the homogeneous system. This might provide a new insight to the description of atomtronics applications. Finally, we study the two species Bose Hubbard model in a two-dimensional lattice. This model presents novel phases due to the complexity associated with multiple species. Its phase diagram shows ordered and coexistence phases including a ferromagnetic phase separated phase with high entropy. This phase might be accessible experimentally. The novel phases found from our studies are linked to experiments on ultra-cold atoms trapped by laser beams.
Document Availability at the Time of Submission
Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.
Hettiarachchilage, Kalani, "Strongly correlated ultra-cold bosonic atoms in optical lattices" (2013). LSU Doctoral Dissertations. 1081.