Title

Ages and magnetic structures of the South China Sea constrained by deep tow magnetic surveys and IODP Expedition 349

Authors

Chun Feng Li, Tongji University
Xing Xu, Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey
Jian Lin, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Zhen Sun, South China Seas Institute of Oceanography Chinese Academy of Sciences
Jian Zhu, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Yongjian Yao, Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey
Xixi Zhao, Tongji University
Qingsong Liu, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Denise K. Kulhanek, Texas A&M University
Jian Wang, Tongji University
Taoran Song, Tongji University
Junfeng Zhao, South China Seas Institute of Oceanography Chinese Academy of Sciences
Ning Qiu, South China Seas Institute of Oceanography Chinese Academy of Sciences
Yongxian Guan, Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey
Zhiyuan Zhou, Tongji University
Trevor Williams, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Rui Bao, ETH Zürich
Anne Briais, Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées
Elizabeth A. Brown, University of South Florida St. Petersburg
Yifeng Chen, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences
Peter D. Clift, Louisiana State University
Frederick S. Colwell, Oregon State University
Kelsie A. Dadd, Macquarie University
Weiwei Ding, State Oceanic Administration China
Iván Hernández Almeida, University of Bern
Xiao Long Huang, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences
Sangmin Hyun, Korea Institute Of Ocean Science & Technology
Tao Jiang, China University of Geosciences
Anthony A.P. Koppers, Oregon State University
Qianyu Li, Tongji University
Chuanlian Liu, Tongji University
Zhifei Liu, Tongji University
Renata H. Nagai, Universidade de Sao Paulo - USP

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2014

Abstract

© 2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Combined analyses of deep tow magnetic anomalies and International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 349 cores show that initial seafloor spreading started around 33 Ma in the northeastern South China Sea (SCS), but varied slightly by 1-2 Myr along the northern continent-ocean boundary (COB). A southward ridge jump of ∼20 km occurred around 23.6 Ma in the East Subbasin; this timing also slightly varied along the ridge and was coeval to the onset of seafloor spreading in the Southwest Subbasin, which propagated for about 400 km southwestward from ∼23.6 to ∼21.5 Ma. The terminal age of seafloor spreading is ∼15 Ma in the East Subbasin and ∼16 Ma in the Southwest Subbasin. The full spreading rate in the East Subbasin varied largely from ∼20 to ∼80 km/Myr, but mostly decreased with time except for the period between ∼26.0 Ma and the ridge jump (∼23.6 Ma), within which the rate was the fastest at ∼70 km/Myr on average. The spreading rates are not correlated, in most cases, to magnetic anomaly amplitudes that reflect basement magnetization contrasts. Shipboard magnetic measurements reveal at least one magnetic reversal in the top 100 m of basaltic layers, in addition to large vertical intensity variations. These complexities are caused by late-stage lava flows that are magnetized in a different polarity from the primary basaltic layer emplaced during the main phase of crustal accretion. Deep tow magnetic modeling also reveals this smearing in basement magnetizations by incorporating a contamination coefficient of 0.5, which partly alleviates the problem of assuming a magnetic blocking model of constant thickness and uniform magnetization. The primary contribution to magnetic anomalies of the SCS is not in the top 100 m of the igneous basement.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems

First Page

4958

Last Page

4983

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