High pressure elasticity of MgSiO3 perovskite, MgO and SiO2

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Conference Proceeding

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Full elastic constant tensors (c ) of three minerals namely, MgSiO perovskite, MgO and SiO , are obtained as a function of pressure up to 140 GPa using first-principles computer simulations based on the local density and pseudopotential approximations. The zero pressure values and initial pressure dependence of athermal elastic constants derived from stress-strain relations are in excellent agreement with available experimental data. We find that elastic moduli, wave velocities and anisotropy of the minerals are strongly pressure dependent, particularly, in the vicinity of the structural transformations. In the view of the present experimental limitations at realistic conditions of the inner Earth, our results for high pressure elasticity are expected to be of substantial geophysical significance. Comparisons based on compressional and shear wave velocities support the prevailing hypothesis of Mg-rich silicate perovskite dominated composition for the lower mantle. ij 3 2

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Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings

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