Title

First-principles molecular dynamics simulations of silicate melts: Structural and dynamical properties

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-17-2010

Abstract

The study of silicate melts from first principles is computationally intensive due to the need of relatively large atomic systems and long simulation runs. Recent advances in hardware and software have made it possible to accurately simulate the liquid phase at pressures and temperatures that are geophysically relevant. This paper reports the details of the methodology used in the context of simulations and subsequent analysis of the output data. The simulations are performed using the parallel first-principles molecular dynamics (FPMD) technique within the framework of density functional theory. Various physical properties including the equation of state, thermodynamics, atomic and electronic structures, self-diffusion and viscosity are obtained from simulations. The position time series are visualized to gain insight into underlying physical mechanisms. We review the recent first-principles studies of three liquids along the MgO-SiO join including MgSiO melt to show that the structural and dynamical properties of these liquids are highly sensitive to pressure and temperature. Copyright © Mineralogical Society of America. 2 3

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry

First Page

355

Last Page

389

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