I discuss "economies of violence," comparing non-state (acephalic forager bands and horticultural chiefdoms) and state societies. Capital punishment and tolerated personal revenge in forager bands is both anti-war and anti-state, while some chiefdoms practice war as an anti-state practice.
Protevi, J. (2015). Economies of Violence. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/french_pubs/1